Direct support measures
International and regional programs
The Clean Development Mechanism of the UNFCCC program provides support for renewable energy projects in some countries, including some of the large PV projects in our database.
The European Renewable Energy Directive, has stimulated many of the national measures, such as those described above. Because it also allows for some transfer of renewable energy credits between countries, it has also stimulated some bi-lateral programs, such as the german-Greek Helios project.
The Desertec project in which countries around the Mediterranean are collaborating, may also stimulate some PV projects.
Many countries have specific programs to increase their renewable and PV capacity. India's JNNSM National Solar Mission, has stimulated many PV projects. Much of the new capacity proposed in Australia, South Africa and Israel, for example, is supported by national programs.
In some countries the states or provinces have substantial programs.
Several US States have Renewable Portfolio Standards (see above) or other mechanisms to support renewables, in addition to the federal government's fiscal measures. The Canadian province of Ontario has adopted an ambitious Feed-in Tariff (see above), as have a handful of US and Australian States.
Several Indian States have initated their own projects in support of the national program.